Corporate conflicts do not just occur by themselves or pop up from nowhere. It is critical to discover the source of the conflict. This is to further ensure the work in corporate field is done smoothly without any issues. Plus, this ensures a harmonious and conducive work environment. Generally these are the categories of conflicts:
- Communication Differences
- Structural Differences
- Personal Differences
1. Communication Differences
These are usually disagreements due to semantic difficulties, misunderstandings and too much noise in the communication channel. People are often quick to assume that most conflicts are caused by a lack of communication. However, there is generally a lot of communication happening. The mistake many people make is assuming good communication means having others agree to their views. Examples of communication differences are:
• Differences Over Facts
A fact is a piece of data that can be quantified or an event that can be documented. Arguments over facts should not last very long since they are verifiable. But a statement like, “It is a fact that you are rude and you stab me in the back”, is neither documentable or quantifiable and so is actually a difference in perception.
Most interpersonal conflict is actually due to communication breakdown. And when it does, a listener’s assumptions about a speaker’s intent often create interpersonal conflict.
• Unfulfilled Expectations
Many of the causes listed above contribute to one person not fulfilling the expectations of another. Unfulfilled expectations are the ultimate cause of divorce, separation, firings and other forms of relational breakdown. The major reason that expectations go unfulfilled is that they are not effectively communicated and confirmed.
2. Structural Differences
Organisations are differentiated both horizontally and vertically. Management divides up the work or job to be done, groups similar tasks into departments and sets up rules and procedures for the different departments. This structural differentiation can result in conflicts as employees argue over goals, decision alternatives, performance reviews and resource allocation. Some examples:
• Differences Over Goals
An argument about whether a company should focus more resources on one department over another is a disagreement over goals. Another example would be whether or not to increase the amount of advanced professional training given to some employees over others.
• Differences Over Methods
Two sides may have similar goals but disagree on how to attain them. For example, how should a particular project be implemented?
• Competition For Scarce Resources
Two managers might argue over who has the greater need for an additional staff or who should have more budget allocation.
• Competition For Supremacy
This happens when one employee strives to outperform or outshine another person. You might see it when two employees compete for a promotion or incentive or for comparative power in an organisation.
3. Personal Differences
Conflicts can and often evolve out of differences in individual behaviour & personal value systems. The chemistry between some people makes it hard for them to work or interact together. Factors such as family background, education, experience and training shape each person into a unique individual with a particular set of values. These personal differences can cause people to be perceived as being stubborn, too sensitive or peculiar which often results in conflict. Examples of personal differences are:
• Prejudice / Bias
Conflict is sometimes traced to ‘personalities’. This is one person differing with another based simply on how he or she feels or perceives about that person.
Some people go through life with a chip on their shoulder and seem to search for fights with others.
• Overly Sensitive
This occurs when a person, due to low self-esteem, insecurity or difficulties in his or her life easily feels attacked by feedback, criticism or other interpersonal directness.
• Differences In Perception or Values
Most conflict results from the way people view the world with their own perception or mental map or internal representation. These incongruent views are due to differences in upbringing, culture, race, experience, education, occupation and other environmental factors.
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